The term Coccydynia is used to describe the symptom of any persistent pain in the coccyx or tailbone area caused either by damage to the bones or inflammation of the surrounding tissue. Pain can range from a mild discomfort when sitting to a more intense pain which can severely affect quality of life.

Research indicates that Osteopathic treatment including Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy can aid in the management of Coccydynia by repairing damaged tissue and stimulating the body’s own healing process.


About the Coccyx

Also known as the tailbone, the coccyx is a small triangular bone at the end of the spine. It comprises of 3-5 spinal bones (the coccygeal vertebrae) and disc-like ligaments and plays an important role in supporting and balancing the body during standing and sitting. The Coccyx also functions as an attachment point for many of the muscles that make up the pelvic floor.

What is Coccydynia?

Also referred to as Coccygeal pain, Coccydynia is the name given to any coccyx or tailbone pain that might result from damage to the bones or inflammation of the surrounding tissue.

Damage to the coccyx can occur in several ways but the most likely causes of damage which includes; trauma to the base of the spine or an impact with a hard surface, repetitive stretching of the base of the spine such as horse-riding or bad posture.

Coccydynia and Women.

Although Coccydynia can affect both sexes, women are five times more likely to develop Coccydynia than men. This is due to location of the coccyx in relation to woman’s anatomy, which makes it particularly susceptible to damage caused by weight, dysfunction of the pelvic floor area or internal injury during childbirth.

During pregnancy and labour, the pelvis including the sacrum and coccyx become more flexible which can lead to the muscles and ligaments around the coccyx becoming overstretched and irritated. This can result in post-natal discomfort and pain.

How Can Focused Shockwave Therapy Help Treat Coccydynia?

Research has shown that Extracorporeal Focused Shockwave Therapy has proven results in treating Coccydynia. During the treatment, acoustic (sound) waves are directed at the affected area. The shockwave is able to  penetrate deeply into the tissue stimulating blood flow to facilitate deep tissue healing. Pain and inflammation are reduced and the body is able to begin it’s own healing process. Focused Shockwave Therapy is non-invasive and pain free.

Symptoms of Coccydynia Include:


Pain & Tenderness at Base of Spine


Pain During Bowel Movements

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